Overview
 
Objectives of Dairy Development
 
  • To generate sustainable employment and continued benefits for the rural families
  • Boost up the milk production to meet the requirement of the state
  • Creation of awareness amongst milk producers, training of staff dealing with extension
  • Assure a remunerative price for the milk products by the milk producers solicits through a stable steady and well organized market support
  • Distribution of quality milk and milk products at reasonable prices to the consumer
 
Views
 
Present views of the State Government
By undertaking dairy development activities, milk production will get a boost on one hand which would fulfill the milk requirements of this State. On the other hand, it would also improve the soil fertility by adding more and more organic matter in form of cow dung to the soil that, in turn, would improve the water retention capacity of the soil. Thus the entire gamut of activities of dairy development would result in better socioecological situation in the state.
 

Present Status

The native cattle are of small frame, low height and weight about 100 to 150 kg. The Animals are grazed extensively. It usually produces 200 to 250 ml milk for about two months and then gets dried up. The inter-calving period is as high as 24 months. The estimated per capita availability of milk is 159 gm/day and is lower than the national average of 263 gm/day.

Agriculture and livestock rearing is a backbreaking occupation, not rewarded by return because of unproductive land, climate factor and breed of livestock (yielding 0.5 to 1.5 litre of milk per day).Breeding programme and facilities for non - descript small sized cattle in the State has not fully developed, resulting into late maturity, poor productivity and prolonged dry period. Non availability of quality feed & fodder in required quantity is a serious issue.

Cross breeding could deliver good results but would not succeed without improving the quality of available feeds and fodder in adequate quantity. More over incidences of parasitic and other infectious and contagious diseases in animals are high due to poor management.

Quality of grasses available in forest and open fields are of poor nutritative value due to eroded soils producing low nutritious fodder, which deteriorates the health of animals.

Forest land and common grazing lands are in plenty in each districts but their management is poor. Fodder cultivation with improved varieties has not been popularized in farmer's fields. Paddy straw is the crop residue, which is fed round the year without chaffing, treating and mixing with green fodder. Stall feeding has not been accepted by the animal keepers.

Due to these reason loss of dry fodder goes up to 40%, which again causes shortage of fodder. Improved fodder production technologies have not reached amongst the dairy farmers i.e. cultivation of nutritious green fodder round the year, its scientific feeding, preservation of green fodder in to silage, hay and treatment of low quality roughages, its proper storage for the lean season. Milk procurement and marketing infrastructure has also not been fully established.

Availability of milk in the city as well as in rural area is insufficient. Milk production per animal is low, consumption per head is low, and habit of milk consumption by certain class in the community is nil. There is acute need of proper education, communication and awareness generation to maintain their good health and improved working.

Infrastructure Status

i.          Class - I veterinary hospital                           -           424

ii.          Mobile veterinary hospital                            -           04

iii.          Provincial veterinary hospital                        -           23

iv.          Cattle breeding farms                                  -           03

v.           Bull mother farm                                         -           01

vi.           Gokul Gram Vikas Kendra                        -           182

vii.           A.I. Centres (managed by Department)      -           433

viii.          Dairy Cattle Development Centre (DCDC) -           1010 (Establishment of 300 new DCDC is under process)

ix.            Milk Processing Plant                                 -           09

                         x.            District Milk Union                                    -           12
  Major Challenges
  • Lack of Dairy base.
  • Low potential in terms of milk productivity.
  • High transportation cost due to low density of milk production.
  • Lack of Awareness.
  • Inadequate trained manpower.
     
 
Strategy
 

To achieve above objectives and to boost up the milk production to meet the requirement of the state, and to bring it at par with the national scenario, apart form Training, breeding, marketing, feeding, animal health strategies the following short term strategies have been adopted by the State Government :

  • Detailed survey of each district for milk production and availability of marketable surplus.
  • Based on the potential, organization and strengthening of primary milk producers co-operative societies in each district.
  • Introduction of high yielding improved breed milch cattle and buffalo to boost the milk production as well as income generation of the rural families.
  • To promote & popularizes the establishment of mini dairy or heifer rearing farm by the progressive farmers and unemployed rural youth of the State.
  • Dairying is not a preferred occupation of a majority of inhabitants of Jharkhand. To promote dairying as a livelihood option, it has to be supported financially, at least for the first ten (10) years .
  • Strengthening of cattle breeding and animal health services at the door step of farmers.
  • Intensive Feed and Fodder Development Programme.
    Training and Extension.
  • Establishment of State level producers' owned professional organization to run and manage the milk processing plants.
  • Strengthening and establishment of milk procurement and cold chain facilities at village level.
  • Strengthening of Milk processing Plants